Stone House/

Dake Architectural Design


Project Details



Rizhao, Shandong Province / China



Year (Design/Construction):

2018 / 2023

Area (Net/Gross):

320 m2 / -
Operational Carbon emissions

Operational Carbon emissions (B6) kgCO2e/m2/y:

Embodied Carbon emissions

Embodied Carbon emissions (A1-A3) kgCO2e/m2:

  • Use of local stone as main material to build all the walls of the house, following the local tradition in the region.
  • Local craftsmen add specific knowledge of the material and the local conditions.
  • The courtyard provides cross ventilation, daylight and works as an outdoor space.
  • The load bearing stone walls are organised regularly reducing the thickness of the roof slab

The project is located in the ancient village of Rizhao, Shandong Province, which has a profound sense of historical vicissitudes. More than 100 century-old houses are well preserved. The walls of the houses are mostly built of stones from the Banks of the nearby gully river, just like the faint fireworks left after the blooming of life. We can feel the splendor of that era from the mottle. When I first came to this place, I was surprised by its wild and quiet. The site is close to a hill on the east side and water on the west side. Three big trees stand in it. Party a wishes to build a new house here to meet the functions of rest and hospitality. Its place spirit gives the person with ambition conceals in wild yearning.

The creation of the architectural plan stems from the response to the design content and the site. We use the local unique stone materials to bring them back to a more important position, trying to create a “grown” contemporary building, Create a leisurely and complacent place spirit .We started with the original logic of the traditional residential houses in northern China as the original model. The courtyard space surrounded by three trees extended outwards, and the houses were arranged on all four sides. The spatial pattern was divided according to the flow lines and practical functions to meet catering, gathering, and accommodation Functional requirements.

“There is a courtyard in the house, a house in the courtyard, a courtyard in the house, and a sky in the courtyard.”, We hope that this is an exploration of “spiritual place”.

The whole building is nestled at the foot of the hill, and the building volume surrounded by four sides includes a restaurant, a tea room, a guest room and a reception room. The windows of each room open opposite to the central courtyard. This arrangement ensures that the streamline is inward and the line of sight is outward. Based on privacy considerations, we also use a low wall of stone piles outside the window to define the outer space and the boundary of the building. Between the low wall and the outward-facing large-area window, a micro courtyard independent of the overall building is formed, which guarantees The lighting and vision of the indoor space also satisfy the conversion of private space and public space in the overall space.

In order to fit well with the atmosphere of local ancient villages, we invited local craftsmen, whose exquisite craftsmanship is the key to the realization of this project. The entire building wall is made of stone, and the mottled texture of the stone gives the building a natural atmosphere, making it better integrated with the landscape environment.

Architectural creation is an experimental process from scratch, and the result will permanently change the site. We hope that the work is rooted in nature, and finally presents a stone house that blends with nature, and its spirit is an unusual stone house, which is also defined as the origin of the Stone House.

Design year & Completion Year:2018/9-2020/3


  • Leader designer:  Xichen Yang
  • Team: Haojun Gao, Yufeng Wang, Xueyi Wang


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