Location(City/Country):St. Gallen / Switzerland
Year (Design/Construction):2017 / 2020
Area (Net/Gross):- / 110 m2
Operational Carbon emissions (B6) kgCO2e/m2/y:0
Embodied Carbon emissions (A1-A3) kgCO2e/m2:0
- The structural frame of the building is made of wood from regional spruce trees.
- The facade is surrounded by vines and climbing plants, and rainwater is captured and retained on the roof for irrigation.
- A design effort was made to use local materials and companies when possible.
Project description as provided by the Architects.
The Orangerie as model
The “Green Pavilion” replaces the previous lecture room and the three glasshouses next to the tropical building. The recessed building forms a generous forecourt to the lane, where the pot plant collection is presented during the warm season. About 240 events take place annually in the “Green Pavilion”. The plants – as reference of the location and thematic anchor point of a contemporary mediation activity – swathe the fully glazed structure in green clothing.
A wooden supporting structure forms the framework of the pavilion. Vine and climbing plants grow upwards along wire ropes around the pavilion. They deck out the building in a green robe and provide privacy and cool shadows when it is warm. Rainwater is retained for a long time on the roof by a specially made natural rubber lining and thick layer of earth. Consequently, domestic orchids can be watered naturally in an optimal cycle of water and moisture and the excess water supplied to the surrounding flower beds. On the inside, a cube formed by wall cupboards divides the open space into lobby, main room and storeroom zones. Curtains as inner garment vary the permeability of the façade and organise the multifunctional uses as course room, lecture hall, foyer, event location, workroom and storeroom. The building is of course air-conditioned. The room-high, grid ventilation shutters ensure ideal ventilation and cooling when opened diagonally. When combined with the façade greening, summer heat protection can be guaranteed without active cooling.
Domestic materials, regional handicraft
The wooden frame of the pavilion is made of regional spruce. The surfaces were soaped, using a traditional Norwegian handicraft procedure to protect them against the elements for as long as possible. The floor is made of a sealed, ground concrete slab. The concrete and wood absorb the sun’s warmth, store it and release the energy slowly at night. The ceiling lights were custom made in Gossau, Switzerland. Wherever possible, domestic materials and regional companies were employed.
Architect: Tom Munz GmbH, St.Gallen
Construction engineers: Borgogno Eggenberger + Partner AG, St. Gallen
Electrical planning: Elektro Akermann AG, St. Gallen
HVAC engineer: Gübeli Energie Technik GmbH, Degersheim
Building physicist: studer + strauss ag, St. Gallen
Fire protection: Meile + Hollenstein AG, Mühlrüti
Photography: Ladina Bischof