House of Wood, Straw and Cork/
Location(City/Country):Magnano, Milan / Italy
Year (Design/Construction):2016 / 2020
Area (Net/Gross):- / 200 m2
Operational Carbon emissions (B6) kgCO2e/m2/y:0
Embodied Carbon emissions (A1-A3) kgCO2e/m2:0
- Ample use of natural building materials throughout the project.
- The insulation of the building is composed of exterior panels made of cork and rice straw panels.
- The interior finishes and furnishings are made from stone and oak wood.
- The building aims to be self-sufficient regarding energy consumption through the use of solar panels on the roof.
Project description as provided by the architects.
Casa quattro or “House of Wood, Straw and Cork” was designed by LCA architetti (Luca Compri Architects) is a sustainable house characterized by extremely simple architecture.
The property is located in a small town near Milan, the owners are a young couple of computer scientists who have decided to live and work in close contact with nature.
The building is located on the edge of the village and overlooks a small wood of acacias.
On the ground floor we find the entrance, the kitchen, a bedroom, a study, two bathrooms, a laundry room and a large living room; on the mezzanine floor there is a small gym, a bedroom, a bathroom and a study overlooking the living room.
The center of the house is characterized by a double-height space full of natural light, fully glazed to the north and partially to the south; in order to establish a direct dialogue with the external landscape free from walls that obstruct the view. The unique and wonderful spectacle of the sky, the countryside and the forest are a constant presence in the daily life of the house and of the people who live there.
On the outside, the simplicity of the architectural composition recalls the small farmhouses and barns of the Lombard countryside, making the house a primitive building devoid of any non-essential element.
Nature also guides the choice of building materials: wood for the basic structure, rice straw and cork as insulators; the interior finishes and furnishings are in stone and oak wood.
The only decorative “whim” concerns the surface processing of the external insulation in visible cork: the slabs were pantographed in 3D and decorated in an eccentric way – in sharp but deliberate contrast with the poor soul of the house – the naturalness of the material makes the facades of the house alive and vibrant with light.
The intention was to ennoble elements (cork and straw) that were very poor in themselves to highlight their unique characteristics in terms not only of sustainability, efficiency and durability but also and above all of aesthetic beauty.
The “House of Wood, Straw and Cork” is self-powered thanks to the contributions of passive and active solar energy, eliminating consumption and C02 emissions; the materials used are almost completely natural and can be easily recycled once the building is decommissioned.
The will of the designer and the clients was to work on a bio-ecological project, ethically correct, with a simple and natural soul and an almost primitive bare architecture.
Photography: Simone Bossi
Project Team: LCA architetti + tecnosugheri + SMP serramenti + falenameria codar + novello case